Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a shorter-term, “problem-focused” form of treatment that utilizes a collaborative relationship between therapist and client. CBT teaches clients how to distinguish between their thoughts, feelings, emotions, and behaviors and how to identify and correct their own unhealthy thoughts/feelings/behavior patterns.
CBT has been highly researched and validated and is the most evidence-based form of therapy in the world. The roots of CBT come from the ancient Greek philosophy of Stoicism. CBT is basically the ‘how’ of Stoicism.
Stoicism and CBT are grounded in the belief that it’s a person’s perception of events – rather than the events themselves – that determine how he or she will feel and act in response. Stoicism and CBT both emphasize that people need to be clear about what is in their realm of control and what is not.
CBT is based on an educational model, so therapy sessions tend to be more structured. Clients are free to discuss what’s on their mind, but the structure of the sessions ensure that each session is productive. Consequently, the CBT treatment episode tends to be shorter in duration. Unlike therapies with treatment that can last years, clients may be able to complete therapy in as few as 16 sessions.
With CBT, you will learn how to identify and work with your specific problematic thoughts. As these thoughts are identified and addressed, your feelings and behavior will improve.
There are many tools and techniques that clients learn and utilize at home between sessions.
Some CBT techniques are:
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